Nubian ibex (capra nubiana) fact sheet

nubian ibex (capra nubiana) fact sheet

Some rights reserved. Body Weight Male: Body Length Male: mm Pelage: Tan to grayish body hair; belly and buttocks white. Legs distinctively marked with black and white. Habitat: Desert mountains. Steep, rocky slopes provide vital routes for escaping predators. Population in Wild: No systematic surveys; fewer than 2, mature individuals, according to one rough estimate.

Locomotion: Walk, run, jump, and climb. Agile—able to navigate steep cliffs. Leap to scale sheer canyon walls. Activity Cycle: Active during the day. Browse throughout the day while temperatures permit.

Scale canyon walls to rest during the day and sleep at night. Social Groups: Social. Live in small groups—typically of multiple females, infants, juveniles, and young adults. Sexual Maturity: Females mature at about 2 years of age; males at significantly older ages due to social constraints. In managed care, males live about 10 years, females about 11 years. Disclaimer: Although San Diego Zoo Global makes every attempt to provide accurate information, some of the facts provided may become outdated or replaced by new research findings.

Questions and comments may be addressed to library sandiegozoo. Contact Us Email the librarians at library sandiegozoo. Tags: africafact sheetibexmammalsan diego zoosdzg. Range: Portions of northeastern Africa and the Arabian peninsula.

nubian ibex (capra nubiana) fact sheet

Diet: Consume grasses, forbes, and shrubs. Gestation: days [combined estimates from wild and managed care settings] Litter Size: young; 1 typical, though twins are not uncommon.

Birth Weight: 1. Active in daylight when they browse and graze for grasses, forbes, and shrubs. Often form groups, whose structure and composition is variable. During the seasonal rut, male groups break up and individuals compete, in violent clashes, to mate with females.The Nubian ibex Capra nubiana is a desert-dwelling goat species found in mountainous areas of northern and northeast Africa, and the Middle East.

It is historically considered to be a subspecies of the Alpine ibex C. The wild population is estimated at 1, individuals. They are a light tan color, with a white underbelly; males also have a dark brown stripe down their backs. Nubian ibexes have long, thin horns that extend up and then backwards and down. Nubian ibexes live in rough, dry, mountainous terrain, where they eat mainly grasses and leaves and are preyed upon by leopardswolvescommon foxeseaglesand bearded vultures.

They are social and herds tend to consist of females, young, and males up to the age of about three years. The males are solitary or form more transitory bands of up to eight individuals. During the breeding season, males join the female-based herds for the six- to eight-week rut. Large males then do battle with much clashing of horns. Nubian ibexes are diurnalmeaning they are active during the day, and rest at night. On 16 Marchthe British established the Yob Wildlife Reserve in northern Eritrea specifically to protect significant populations of Nubian ibex in the area.

The International Union for Conservation of Nature has classified the Nubian ibex as " vulnerable " on the basis that fewer than 10, mature individuals remain and the population is declining. Threats faced by the animal include competition with livestock for water and fodder, hunting pressure, and habitat destruction. In Israelthe historically dense ibex population, described in the Bible Psalmwas decimated in the wake of the First World War when the sudden availability of rifles enabled Bedouin to hunt them to near extinction.

Three ibex populations have been discovered in Israel: in the Judean Desertthe Negev mountains and Eilat. The Biblical heroine Yael 's name means "Ibex" in Hebrew. The Nubian ibex in particular was in the BBC documentary Lifeand featured prominently in the popular television documentary series Planet Earth episode five, "Deserts". From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Capra ibex nubiana.

Nubian ibex Juvenile Nubian ibex Conservation status. Cuvier Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is of vulnerable. Mammals of Africa. Retrieved 30 May Species Survival Commission. Caprinae Specialist Group. Planet Earth. BBC One. Extant Artiodactyla species. Suborder Ruminantia. Pronghorn A. Okapi O. Northern giraffe G.The Nubian ibex is a species that has adapted to desert environments 2.

It is one of the Capra species with maximum shoulder height, at the same time it is one of the lightest. In the past the Nubian ibex was classified as a subspecies of Capra ibex.

Based on phylogenetic data, it warrants classification as a seperate species. Some authers declare it monotypic — with no subspecies 3,7.

Groves and Grubb argue in support of two subspecies primarily on the basis of color: Capra nubiana nubiana from Sudan, which is darker, and Capra nubiana sinaitica from Israel and Sinai. Alpine ibex left and Nubian ibex right : The Nubian ibex is taller, lighter both in color and weighthas longer horns and black-and-white legs.

Photo taken at Al Ain zoo. This species occurs in Egypt east of the Nile, north-east Sudan, northern Ethiopia and western Eritrea, Israel, west Jordan, scattered locations in western and central Saudi Arabia, scattered locations in Yemen, and in southern Oman.

It is extinct in Lebanon and Syria however, there is one introduced population. Groves and Grubb ascertain a cline in body size from north to south. Meile et al say that the lightest animals are to be found on the Sinai and the heaviest in Sudan. General body color is pale brown to reddish-sandy. Chin, belly, and usually upper inside of legs and scrotum are white. In males in winter pelage, lower neck, chest, and upper front and sides of front legs can be black.

There is a dark, mid-dorsal stripe from the neck to the tail and a well-defined or faint flank stripe. A silver saddle can develop in older males. In both sexes the rump patch is small, narrow, and white; tail is black and tufted hairs 3 cm long ; and dark front of legs and hooves sharply contrasts with white knees and pasterns.

Females lack dorsal and flank stripes 3 and in Israel and Sinai are lighter in color. Specimens from Sudan are generally darker.Ibex are wild goats that live in the mountainous regions of Europe, north central Asia and northern Africa. They have long, curved horns and cloven hooves. Males have long beards. Ibex are related to antelopes, buffalo, bison, cattle, goats and sheep. Ibex are typically about 1 to 5. Ibex tend to weigh about 65 to lbs.

Both male and female ibex have very long horns, which are used for territorial defense and sexual selection. They curve backward, forming a semicircle, and have knobby rings on the outer curve. Male horns may reach about 5 feet 1. Ibex are herbivores; they only eat vegetation, such as shrubs, bushes and grasses. Grazing accounts for a significant part of their eating habits. The low nutritional value of their diet means the ibex must spend much of the day eating.

Interesting facts about ibex

Ibex make their homes on cliffs that would be dangerous for predators. The Nubian ibex has a special way to deal with the hot, dry climates of the African and Arabian mountains: Their shiny coats reflect sunlight and keep them cool.

Ibex are social and live in groups called herds. The herds are segregated by gender, meaning males will have a herd, and the females and offspring will be in another herd. The two herds usually meet only during breeding season. The male herd is called a bachelor herd. Sometimes, males will wander without a herd.

Female herds can have 10 to 20 members. Ibex males use scent to communicate with potential mates. Nubian ibex males use their beards to spread a scent that draws in and excites females during breeding season.

Breeding season for ibex is called the rut. During the rut, males fight for the right to breed with the females by pushing their heads together.

The winners will court the female in a process that can take around 30 minutes. Once pregnant, females will have a gestation period of to days. She will give birth to one to three babies, called kids, at a time. Right after birth, a kid is very alert and can jump around. After four weeks, it is ready to join the other kids in the group.

At four to six months, a kid is weaned. It will remain with its mother for at least a year. Females will go on to have their own young at 2 to 6 years of age. The life span of ibex in the wild is about 17 years. Most wild goat species are doing well, but two are facing extinction. One species, the Pyrenean ibex, was declared extinct in However, it may not be gone forever.

The clone only lived for seven minutes, but scientists are hopeful that this cloned ibex will pave the way for the successful cloning of extinct animals. Ibex are very nimble. They can jump more than 6 feet 1.Source: ITIS As of Octoberexperts had not agreed on whether to define Cetartiodactyla as an official taxonomic order that would replace Artiodactyla and Cetacea.

Some continue to list goats in the order Artiodactyla Franklin or use the term Cetartiodactyla without defining it as an order IUCN Ibex-handled incense burner from southwestern Arabia, c. Ibex frequently associated with southern Arabian deities, specifically the god of the Sabaean people.

Nubian ibex

Some rights reserved. Alkon Bibi et al. Taxonomic History and Nomenclature Common names Nubian ibex Alkon Arabian ibex, uncommonly used Lydekker Etymology Ibex, a Latin term referring to a wild goat with long, recurved horns Gove Scientific name Etymology Genus Capra from the Latin word caper meaning 'goat' Brown Specific epithet nubiana from two words; Nubia referring to a tract of country in northern Africa lying between Egypt and Sudan and the Latin suffix -anus meaning 'belonging to' Gotch Synonyms Capra ibex ; sometimes treated as a subspecies C.

Evolutionary History Order Cetartiodactyla Seiffert and Kingdon Order joins two previous taxonomic groups Artiodactyla even-toed ungulates and Cetacea whales Artiodactyls include pigs, camelids, ruminants, and hippopotamuses hippos Estimates for origins Fossil evidence dates to c. Ibex-handled Incense Burner Ibex-handled incense burner from southwestern Arabia, c. Page Citations Alkon Bibi et al. Contact Us Email the librarians at library sandiegozoo.

Nubian Ibex (Capra nubiana) Fact Sheet: Population & Conservation Status

Tags: africafact sheetibexmammalsan diego zoosdzg.It is generally considered to be a subspecies of the Alpine ibex Capra ibexbut is sometimes considered specifically distinct Capra nubiana. The wild population is estimated at 1, individuals.

Nubian ibexes stand around 65—75 cm 2. Nubian ibexes are a light tan color, with a white underbelly, in males there is also a dark brown stripe down the back.

Nubian ibexes have long thin horns which extend up and then backwards and down. In males these reach around a metre in length while in females they are much smaller around 30 cm or 12 in. Nubian ibexes live in rough dry mountainous terrain where they eat mainly grasses and leaves and are preyed upon by leopards, eagles and bearded vultures. Nubian ibexes live in herds composed solely of males or females. They are diurnal, meaning they are active during the day and rest during the night.

Nubian Ibex by Ibrahim

On 16 Marchthe British established the Yob Wildlife Reserve in northern Eritrea specifically to protect significant populations of Nubian ibex in the area. Investment offerings and investment decisions may only be made on the basis of a confidential private placement memorandum issued by Wildlife Partners. Wildlife Partners does not warrant the accuracy or completeness of the information contained herein.

nubian ibex (capra nubiana) fact sheet

Investments in any security are not suitable for all investors. Investments in securities involve a high degree of risk and should only be considered by investors who can withstand the loss of their investment.

Investors should perform their own investigations before considering any investment and consult with their own legal and tax advisors. Prior performance is not indicative of future results.Groups descend steep cliff faces in the morning to feed in the canyon bottom. Adults and young agilely climb sheer rock faces to retire at night or to flee danger.

Some rights reserved. Alkon Greenburg-Cohen et al. Activity Cycle Crepuscular Active at dawn and dusk Habibi Daily activity patterns from Habibi unless otherwise noted Begin activity near dawn Descend slopes in search of food and water Browse and graze throughout the day Active as temperatures and solar radiation permit Peak activity prior to c. Home Range High range fidelity Female-young groups Typically remain within specific home ranges Shackleton Mature, adult males Often range more widely; seasonally during the reproductive season Alkon Social Groups Live in small groups from Habibi unless otherwise noted Gregarious animals Live in an open system where individuals join and leave with little reaction from other group members Habibi Group composition Mixed groups males, females, and juveniles Habibi ; Habibi Males, females, and juveniles Males up to 3 years of age remain within mixed groups, in Israel P Alkon personal communication Group members typically remain clost to cliff edges Likely for predator avoidance Rely more heavily on high-quality herbaceous forage found near the cliffs as well Most common social group Large, adult males typically only within mixed groups during the seasonal rut mating season Gross et al.

Territorial Behavior None reported.

Nubian ibex

Social Interactions Aggression Male-male aggression i ntense during the rut Females and juveniles also exhibit aggressive behavior Female agonism Often associated with feeding Greenburg-Cohen et al. Interspecies Interactions Predators Few large carnivores within the range In Africa: leopard Panthera pardus Alkon Arabian Peninsula: gray wolf Canis lupusleopard though extremely rare - subspecies critically endangered Shkedy and Saltz Sinai Peninsula: leopard, gray wolf, striped hyena Hyaena hyaena Gross et al.

Cliff Faces Provide Protection Groups descend steep cliff faces in the morning to feed in the canyon bottom. Page Citations Alkon Greenburg-Cohen et al. Contact Us Email the librarians at library sandiegozoo. Tags: africafact sheetibexmammalsan diego zoosdzg.


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